In the ancient world, almond trees were a source of beauty, inspiration, food, and medicine.
Almonds are California's number one tree nut crop. More than 6,000 growers located throughout the Central Valley of California produce 80% of the world's almonds and virtually 100% of the domestic supply.
There are over 20 common almond varieties. During the early stages of processing, 90% of the almonds are placed into four major varietal groups; Nonpareil, California, Carmel and Mission. The varieties are grouped based on kernel features such as shape, color and blanchability.
Over 80% of the State's production is grown in the South Valley in which top producers include Fresno, Kern, Merced and Stanislaus Counties.
Approximately 70% of the California almond crop is exported to virtually every country in the world. Spain, Germany, Italy and France are the leading importers in Western Europe. Japan is a large importer in the Asian market with China, India, United Arab Emirates and Canada also designated as major markets.